Lower back pain treatment options – non-surgical and surgical

Lower back pain treatment; If you have been suffering from back pain for more than three months, you are in the stage of an incurable disease. Often, temporary relief from taking medication turns into frustration: their goal is to alleviate the patient’s suffering with analgesia, reduce inflammation, and relax the muscles. But what about the long-term effect and treatment of spinal deformities?

Chronic back pain can occur at any time but is often associated with degenerative bone processes and bone pain. Arthritis, spinal stenosis, myofascial pain syndrome, and disc problems (such as a herniated or bulging disc) are also factors to consider when undergoing major medical procedures.

By working with your doctor to reduce flare-ups and eliminate pain, you can not miss the stages of the disease that indicate the need for surgery. So, if you feel that your rheumatologist has exhausted his diagnostic powers, you may get another idea. In this case, intervention may be the only solution. Low back surgery – better recovery, return to normal activity and sports, improved quality of life.

Read More: Are you suffering from back pain or spasm problems? Know the benefits of back support pillow.

Non-surgical treatments for chronic back pain


Treatment involves the operation of the psychological features of pain that exhaust the patient’s body physically and emotionally. They are careless, unemployed, and easily offended. Rehabilitation psychologists can recommend meditation, yoga, tai chi, and other relaxation techniques to keep the patient-focused on pain.


The basis of treatment and postoperative rehabilitation is the maintenance of physical activity.

Under the guidance of physiotherapists, patients should tailor a daily set of exercises to suit their health conditions and diagnoses:

  • Physical training;
  • Assessing the limits of pain tolerance;
  • Simple and flexible exercise;
  • Aerobic exercise;
  • Cardio.
  • Schoolwork is also an important part of success.
Lower Back Pain Treatment


High-fat foods, refined sugars, and salts cause inflammation. So if you are a fan of finished pizza with brown sauce and cola, then most likely; you will have to give up these foods in the name of saving your life.

You can maintain spinal cord strength by eating a sufficient amount of calcium and vitamin D. Learn to eat plenty of vegetables and dairy products; supplement your diet with fatty fish, egg yolks, beef liver. Contact your doctor about the supplement.

Lifestyle change

Do you remember the central state of meditation – “listen to your body”? The same principle applies to your life: avoid anything that will exacerbate your pain, get rid of bad habits.

As you know, smokers are more likely to experience back pain than non-smokers. The fact is that nicotine inhibits blood flow to the discs, leading to their dryness and cracking. It also lowers the amount of oxygen in the blood, leading to muscle and tendon hypoxia.

Sometimes it is advisable to change your shoes to reduce the weight on your back. A low heel under one inch is a good choice. You can also use a pillow under your knees while you sleep.

Injection procedures

When the exact source of the pain is known, but non-surgical treatments do not work, the following treatment is used:

  • Epidural steroid injections

Steroids inserted outside the inner bag temporarily relieve pain by reducing inflammation around the compressed nerve root. Injections can be used in conjunction with physical therapy to achieve rapid progress.

  • Narcotic pain relieves it

Opioids change the perception of pain by reducing signals sent to the brain. They are used for temporary relief of severe pain syndrome.

Remember, drugs are addictive and have side effects. Talk to your doctor about other options.

  • Muscle relaxation

They act as CNS compressors by increasing tensile muscles and relieving spasms but they do not cure pain. The injections stop the pain for a while and cannot be used continuously.

Alternatives Methods

Skin rejuvenation, massage, biofeedback treatment, laser therapy, sensory stimulation can also help relieve pain. Talk to your doctor if you need them.

Surgical treatment of back pain

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty

Glue-like cement injections are used to repair the cracks in the vertebrae’s compression fractures, which strengthen and strengthen the bone. The main risks of the procedure are the removal of fragments of bone or cement from the spinal canal. Cases of pulmonary embolism were reported caused by leakage of materials incorporated into the venous circulation.

Spinal laminectomy/decompression

To reduce nerve pressure, the surgeon removes the skeletal walls of the spine. Complex surgery can kill a patient because there is a high risk of nerve damage and dura mater, cauda equina syndrome.


In the case of a hernia or high pressure on the nerve roots, the disc is removed. The development of infection, bleeding, and leakage of cerebrospinal fluid are possible side effects of surgery.


Increasing the opening of the vertebrae in the area of ​​the nerve root outlet is used to prevent pressure on the nerve. The dangers of foraminotomy include infection of the wound and vertebral bones, spinal nerve damage.


This is a surgical procedure that removes pressure from the arteries in a slightly invasive way; a laser device at the end of the needle stimulates fluid in the disc tissue, reduces its size; and releases nerve pressure. The results of the operation are similar to discectomy, but recurrence of a hernia is possible.

Spinal integration

The surgeon connects two or more vertebrae using orthopedic implants – metal structures fixed with screws. It leads to loss of spinal flexibility and long recovery time. After the intervention, there may be blood clots and bleeding, trauma to the arteries, nerves, and even the spine. Patients have pain in the implant site.

TOPS System installation

The procedure is considered an alternative as it is less invasive and has fewer side effects. It consists of introducing mechanical implants that will replace bone and soft tissues removed during shrinkage. The installation consists of two plates and a mechanical device in between. It provides a variety of movements while preventing spinal displacement, such as the merging process. In 86% of cases, the system showed significant improvement: a case of non-critical leakage of the hard spinal cord; and a focus on continuous degenerative changes in the vertebral column above the reported implant; Six months after surgery, one patient has an asymptomatic screw halo. There is also a rapid recovery after surgery and a return to normal activities, including sports.

The conclusion

Non-surgical treatment is effective for certain diseases and can show impressive results if you follow the doctor’s instructions. If there are chronic forms of the disease, surgery is essential. Of course, among the list of medical center services, you can choose the cheapest. However, it can be helpful if you look at the occurrence of side effects; and a significant decrease in health quality. If you are looking to save your life and return to normal activities; you can consider some of the surgical techniques described in this article.

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