Bees and Wasps are valuable for human health: Wasps should be valued as much as other insects, such as bees, for their role as predators, pollen, and more, according to a new review paper led by UCL researchers and the University of East Anglia.
The study, published in Biological Reviews, includes evidence from more than 500 study papers to review how nearly 33,000 species of wasps contribute to their environment, and how this can benefit the economy, human health, and society.
Leading author Professor Seirian Sumner (UCL Center for Biodiversity & Environment Research, UCL Biosciences) said: “Wasps are one of our favorite insects – but bees, which also bite, are known to recommend pollen from our plants and honey. In a previous study, we found that wasp hate is mainly due to a lack of knowledge about the role of wasps in living things, and how they can be useful to humans.
“Wasps are less studied than other insects such as bees, so we are now beginning to better understand the importance and importance of their natural functions. Here, having reviewed the best evidence available, we have found that wasps can be just as useful as all the other attractive insects like bees, provided we give them a little more chance. ”
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Wasps are animals that eat other insects.
Bees and Wasps are valuable for human health; Pest infestation – such as biocontrol to protect crops – costs at least $ 416 billion a year worldwide. This figure, however, almost completely ignores the offerings of beekeeping.
The review emphasizes how the role of wasps as predators makes them useful in agriculture. Wasps control the number of arthropods, such as aphids and worms that damage plants. The solitary species of wasps are often experts, which may be well-suited for handling a particular insect; while social wasps are a common animal, and can be very helpful as a local source of plant pest control.
Researchers say that wasps can be used as continuous pest control in developing lands; especially in tropical areas, where farmers can introduce species of wasp species that are less harmful to the environment.
Professor Sumner and his colleagues recently published a study finding; that the most common species of wasps are predators; that can carry insects on two high-value plants, corn, and sugarcane, in Brazil.
The review also suggests pollination services provided by wasps. Insect pollination is important for agriculture; and its economic value has been estimated at more than $ 250 billion a year worldwide.
Researchers have found evidence of wasps visiting 960 plant species.
This includes 164 species that are completely dependent on pollinator pollinators; such as some species of orchids that have evolved to attract the wasps on which they rely; such as a model that mimics the back end of a female wasp.
Many wasps are also common pollinators that visit a variety of plants; so researchers say they could act as ‘backup pollinators’ if the plant loses its main local pollen.
The review describes other wasps’ use as wasps, as their toxins and saliva have antibacterial properties; while yellowjacket wasp poisons show promise in cancer treatment.
Wasps can even be an important source of food
As their larvae are already harvested in some tropical countries for food. Co-author Dr. Alessandro Cini (UCL Center for Biodiversity & Environment Research, UCL Bioscience and the University of Florence) said; “The importance of wasps in supporting our crops remains unclear; we hope that by correcting their bad reputations, we can work together to benefit from these fascinating creatures. ”
The first author of the paper, Ryan Brock (University of East Anglia), stated; “Along with other insects, many species of wasps are declining in such things as climate change and habitat loss. Therefore, there is an urgent need to address conservation; and to ensure that human settlements continue to benefit from the far-reaching natural resources provided to wasps. ”